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Architecture

FORGE cauchon Built in 1882, the Cauchon forge and woodworking building is exceptional. In Québec, artisan buildings of this size are rare. Rarer still are those encompassing two separate trades in the same building: blacksmithing and woodworking.

Description

Of dovetail post and beam construction, the forge has two full floors covered by a two sloped roof. The configuration is similar to that of the workshop-houses, but instead of residing above his shop, he built a second shop upstairs. The ground floor is devoted to blacksmithing as well as to various other ironworking activities such as wagon wheel making and shoeing while the second floor is dedicated to woodworking. This superimposing two shops is totally peculiar.

Forge CauchonOn the North wall, beyond the impressive brick fireplace, a lean-to completes the building's outline. It provides additional space in which is installed the leather bellows Joseph Cauchon himself made and that was restored a few years ago.

On the gable wall facing South, we find two doors. The smaller of the two located near the top of the wall provides access to the attic. The second, larger, opens on the woodworking shop. At the beginning of the 20th century, a building extension was attached to this side of the forge. This door provided access between the extension and the workshop. The present stairs were built recently to allow visitors to go upstairs.


During your visit, note the following key elements linked to the architectural value of the forge-woodworking shop that were identified as such by the Ministry of Culture and Communications:

Forge CauchonSource : Ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec, 2004.
and
GROUPE DE RECHERCHE EN HISTOIRE DU QUÉBEC RURAL INC., ST-PIERRE, Serge et Johanne BLANCHET. Forge-menuiserie Cauchon, Rivière-Malbaie : Étude historique et ethnographique, Document de recherche, non-publié. 136 pages.

 

Restoration

In 1991, following an earthquake, the owner noticed that the building had become dangerous and thought about selling it. The following year, however, thanks to the help of different organizations, the building was moved back from the road several meters, strengthened by replacing the rotted beams and whitewashed. Two years later, the forge and woodworking shop became an interpretation centre open to the public.

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Forge Cauchon

 

© Corporation de la Vieille Forge Cauchon inc. Last update: august 2009

Forge Cauchon